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Terms of Reference
Despite the obligation of criminal justice authorities to strictly observe the presumption of innocence, suspects and accused are always subject to certain restrictions and consequences during the criminal proceedings, most of which affect their personal and social sphere. All of these restrictions have their legitimate purposes: some are aimed to facilitate the investigation (seizure of objects to serve as evidence), some prevent absconding or re-offending (remand measures), some protect the victims (restraining order). Information about the criminal proceedings is also often publicly released or shared with the media, which further affects the lives of suspects and accused. These measures and restrictions can have certain negative consequences for suspects and accused: loss of job or income, additional expenses, loss of social benefits, worsened relations with family and community, etc. These consequences need to be taken into account and properly assessed by the criminal justice authorities together with the evaluation of other factors like the risk of absconding or re-offending.